GATE Exam Pattern 2022: Exam Duration, Mode, Type of questions

GATE Exam Pattern 2022: Exam Duration, Mode, Type of questions

GATE exam pattern 2022 comprises of the overall structure of the exam i.e. the composition of the paper.  Through the exam pattern, candidates can understand the way in which the exam will be conducted. The exam pattern entails the marking scheme, type of questions, duration of the exam, mode in which it will be held and so on. Candidates can make an effective preparation strategy to score better marks in the exam with the help of exam pattern.

GATE Exam Pattern 2022

Candidates should note that as per the syllabus, General Aptitude section will be common to all the papers. GATE exam will be held on 24 papers/ subject. Candidates need to appear for the paper in which they have done their graduation. The exam pattern of GATE 2022 exam is as follows-

  • Mode of the exam: The exam will be conducted in online mode where a computer system will be allotted to the candidates to mark the answers to the questions displayed on their screen.
  • Duration: All the papers of the examinations will be of 3 hours.
  • Type of questions: GATE exam will consist of both the multiple choice questions and numerical answer type questions. Both of these types of questions will be of 1 or 2 marks.
  • Medium of instructions: Questions in the exam will be framed in English language.
  • Total number of questions: There will a total of 65 questions asked in the exam. Out of these 65 questions, 10 will be asked on General Aptitude.
  • Total marks: The 65 questions will carry a total of 100 marks.
  • Marking scheme: Varies according to the paper.
  • Negative marking: For MCQ questions, there will be the provision of negative marking. 1/3 mark will be deducted for the wrong answer of the question carrying 1 mark. Similarly, for 2 mark questions, 2/3 mark will be deducted if answered incorrectly. However, for NATs no negative marking will be applicable.

Distribution of marks and questions

General Aptitude: This paper will contain a total of 10 questions. Out of these 10 questions, 5 will carry 1 mark and remaining 5 questions will carry 2 marks. Hence, the paper will carry a total of 15 marks.

Question papers other than GG, XE, and XL: These papers will contain a total of 55 questions. Out of which, 25 questions will carry 1 marks and remaining 30 will carry 2 marks. The paper will include both the MCQ and NAT questions.

Geology and Geophysics (GG): It will be divided into 2 parts. Part-A will be compulsory for all and Part-B will consist of two sections. A candidate has to attempt Part-A and any one of the section in Part-B. The composition of questions is as follows-

Paper (GG) Number of questions Maximum Marks
Part-A 25 25
Part-B 30 60

Engineering Sciences (XE): The paper will comprise of the following sections-

  • General Aptitude: The paper will carry 15 marks.
  • Section A -Engineering Mathematics (compulsory): This section will contain 11 questions carrying a total of 15 marks, 7 questions carrying 1 mark each and 4 questions carrying 2 marks each.
  • Any two of the XE sections B or H: Only two optional sections can be answered at a time. Each of the optional sections of the XE paper will contain 22 questions carrying a total of 35 marks, 9 questions carrying 1-mark each and 13 questions carrying 2-marks each. Some questions may be of numerical answer type.

Life Sciences (XL):

  • General Aptitude carrying 15 marks.
  • Section-P (compulsory): The section-P of chemistry will carry contains 15 questions carrying a total of 25 marks, 5 questions carrying 1-mark each and 10 questions carrying 2-marks each.
  • Any two of the XL section Q or U: Each of the optional sections of the XL paper (Sections Q through U contains 20 questions carrying a total of 30 marks: 10 questions carrying 1-mark each and 10 questions carrying 2-marks each. Some questions may be of numerical answer type.


  • Papers with the codes AE, AG, BT, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, IN, ME, MN, MT, PE, PI, TF and XE will have the following weightage structure-Engineering Mathematics will carry a weightage of 15% of the total marks. Another 15% weightage will be for General Aptitude. Remaining 70% of the weightage will be given to the subject of the paper.
  • For papers bearing the codes AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, ST and XL, the General Aptitude section will carry 15% of the total marks and the remaining 85% of the total marks is devoted to the subject of the paper.

Important instructions to the candidates

  1. Candidates must make sure that they don’t bring personal calculators, wristwatches, mobile phone or any other electronic device inside the exam hall. GATE officials won’t be held responsible for the loss of these items. It is the duty of the candidate to safeguard their belonging.
  2. Candidates will be permitted to occupy their seat 40 minutes before the commencement of the exam.
  3. They can start reading the instructions on their computer screen 20 minutes prior to the exam.
  4. Use of charts, tables, papers and other study material is strictly prohibited inside the exam hall. If a candidate is found to be in possession of these items, he/she won’t be allowed to take the test.
  5. Candidates will be provided with a scribble pad for rough work. Before starting the exam, candidates should write their name and registration number on the scribble pad.
  6. The scribble pad provided by the officials at the time of the exam should be returned to the invigilator as soon the exam is over.

Also Check GATE Exam Eligibility Criteria


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